These numbers are all about how much detail of colour the camera can capture. These are numbers that indicate how many colours the camera can distinguish.
Let`s go through what 10 Bit and 8 Bit etc means first.
8 bit means it can capture 256 shades of Red, 256 shades of blue and 256 bits of green. In total giving you over 16 million colour combination. Cameras such as Panasonic GH4 can do that.
Panasonic GH5 can record 10 bit. It can captures 1024 shades of blue, 1024 shades of red, 1024 shards of green. In total giving over 1 billion colour combination.
You need to adjust the white balance on your camera before filming. Why?
Because camera, unlike your eyes, need to be told what is white. What you see as white in real life needs to be translated to the camera, so it can adjust itself. When doing white balance in your camera setting, you are telling the camera which color temperature is going to be set as white.
A camera can only focus at a single spot, at a point of distance. Areas in the front and the back of that specific point may appear to be acceptably in focus. This area of focus is depth of field. Deep depth of field means you have more areas in focused and shallow depth of field means you have less area in focus.
Let`s explore what affects depth of field and how you can improve your focusing technique.
Onboard camera monitor works only as a guide. To step up the filming game, you need to understand that.
The onboard camera monitor does not show you the actual end picture, in fact, sometimes it shows you a better version of what you are actually recording.
I have been disappointed many times in the past when I saw the results on the computer monitor. I suffered in focusing, exposures and flickers constantly when I used to rely only on the onboard camera monitor.
The first rule of digital cinematography is to not trust the camera monitor. This is what I have learned after three years of filming. Let me go through the issues and the solutions that helped me to get a stronger and reliable results.
Dynamic range is the range between the brightest and the darkest part that camera can see. It is measured in Stops, rather than F stops.
When you take pictures, you sometimes don`t see details in the dark such as in shadows, or in the brightest areas such as the view outside the window.
This is because cameras have much lower dynamic range compared to our human eyes. Our eyes are able to look at the scene and automatically adjust and see details in the shadow and the sky. Cameras are not that good and no camera has dynamic range like our eyes.
A Camera can be set to film on different frame rates. It`s good to know why you are using a particular frame rate so you can use it to achieve a different psychological effect on the viewer. Use it wisely, it makes your final product look very interesting. Let`s go from the basics and explore the differences.
I am a documentary/News cameraman based in London.